The patient-centric functioning may have been perfect for a fee-for-service economic model, the world is rapidly moving towards a value-based model that focuses on preventive medicine.
Traditional healthcare has always been patient-centric. What does that mean? A patient is defined as “a person receiving or registered to receive medical treatment.” While the patient-centric functioning may have been perfect for a fee-for-service economic model, the world is rapidly moving towards a value-based model that focuses on preventive medicine.
This value-based model shall see a majority of healthcare providers being rewarded not for the number of procedures performed or patient appointments, but the health outcomes of the people under their care. Thus, the ultimate goal is to shift from just treating conditions to ensuring overall wellness. This value-based preventive medicine model is pushing for a reduction in the need for care and making that a measure of success.
UX design: Empowering proactive healthcare
User experience (UX) design has been driving the healthcare technology sector towards bold changes in the past few years. This has happened in conjunction with the rapid spread of technology that outlines how, when and where healthcare services should be delivered. This healthcare delivery approach is more consumer-centric than ever, with people asking for care that works best for them, and pushing for personalized plans. Here’s an overview of how people are making use of digital healthcare tools to manage their basic tasks –
What is proactive healthcare?
In 2017, Stanford Medicine partnered with Apple to launch the digital health study. This study made use of the Apple Watch to screen for irregular heart rhythms in 400,000 participants. Its goal was to learn if the watch could detect atrial fibrillation, a heart condition causing 130,000 deaths and 750,000 hospitalizations in the United States each year. It often remained undiagnosed because many people never experience symptoms; it can increase the risk of stroke and heart failure.
The algorithm in the Apple Watch was revealed to successfully identify atrial fibrillation. Additionally, it also showcased user engagement that can be enhanced with the use of digital health alerts. A survey of participants who received an irregular-pulse notification showed that 76% contacted either the telehealth provider or a non-study provider, suggesting that many actively sought medical attention as a result of an irregularity identified by their Apple Watch
This is a fine example of a person-first healthcare system, also called a proactive healthcare system. It proactively analyzes data to identify people at risk and takes the right steps to intervene and provide support and sustain wellness.
Health management devices such as fitness trackers or blood sugar monitors help people become active partners in managing their condition, rather than remain passive recipients of treatment.
How can UX contribute to designing proactive healthcare?
A people-first healthcare system is one that mindfully engages them to identify the best care based on their personal health status. For a healthcare system to transform into a people-enabled system, the key motivations and expectations of users must be at the forefront of its design. People are now proactively asking for healthcare tools that work best for them, creating an intensive demand for personalized options.
Here are three ways in which UX design can take things forward –
- Designing personalized tools that put users in charge
Most healthcare apps until now were centered on solving an explicit problem.
A user complains of symptoms?
Help them book a doctor’s appointment.
A user’s insurance premium is due?
Provide easy payment options.
However preventive healthcare primarily focuses on wellness, dealing with situations wherein the user is yet to encounter a problem. Therefore, proactive healthcare tools have to be designed in a way to get users interested in activities that would prevent them from having the explicit problems mentioned before.
The World Health Organization estimates that 50% of the global burden of disease is chronic illness. Health management devices such as fitness trackers or blood sugar monitors help people become active partners in managing their condition, rather than remain passive recipients of treatment. Fitbit’s achievement badges are among the best examples of technology in healthcare, which rewards the user for having accomplished a set of fitness goal, encouraging them to keep working on their health.
Regular and timely communication between health systems and patients is a standout feature of proactive healthcare design and is prominent among healthcare technology trends. It is a feature that has transformed the patient experience. For instance, cancer patients who completed treatment over a year ago and are overdue for screening can be reminded of the same via a highly targeted outreach. This early intervention plays an important role in identifying any relapses and ensuring timely treatment.
- Tracking population and individual health trends
Preventing the onset of illness is the holy grail of sustainable healthcare transformation and UX design plays an important role in its facilitation. There are 2 primary types of healthcare tools –
i.) Proactive solutions, which identify at-risk people by running known algorithms to track social determinants of health (SDOH) such as tobacco or alcohol consumption, sedentary lifestyle, or lack of nutrition, etc. Preventive action is then applied before the manifestation of symptoms, let alone illness. By integrating non-clinical factors and incorporating SDOH data into workflows, the gaps in patient management can be closed. For example, care providers can are the patients residing in remote food deserts and have the ability to provide them with a nutritional food delivery service.
ii.) Predictive solutions, which make use of healthcare AI technology or machine learning data algorithms for not only predicting and classifying risks, but also intervene at the right stage. For predictive healthcare solutions to work requires data from across the healthcare system. It also has to be aggregated, centralized, and analyzed to provide care managers with a 360-degree view of the population’s health and suggest actionable insights. In the recent pandemic, predictive solutions were deployed to virtually screen and identify people at risk of COVID-19 to determine the most urgent set of vaccine recipients. Another example of upcoming healthcare technology companies is Benevolent AI, which uses the deep learning to produce a better target selection and provide previously undiscovered insights, thus getting the right treatment to the right patients at the right time.
Well-designed apps are those that reinforce the concepts of privacy and security through functionality, navigation, and content.
- Giving users confidence with managing their health data
Privacy and security have always been considered as important concerns in digital experiences across any industry, more so in the case of healthcare. According to a survey conducted for Cyber crime and privacy breach, only 25% of consumers surveyed believe most companies handle their sensitive personal data responsibly but 85% of them say cyber security and privacy breach are among the biggest risks facing society. Well-designed apps are those that reinforce the concepts of privacy and security through functionality, navigation, and content. Two-factor authentication and end-to-end encryption work well, but users should also be made aware of background details such as cookies and data capturing to reinforce trust in privacy and security.
Conversely, there are also times where users may want to share access with other trusted members among their family, friends, or caregivers. A great user experience around privacy and security is one that enables users to let in the right people along with keeping out the wrong ones; and letting users make that choice themselves.
Today, virtually every sector has gone the digital way, curating well-designed experiences to better engage and be more responsive and responsible towards their customers. The impact of technology on healthcare is undeniable. Flyers get a text in advance informing them of flight delays, and next-day delivery at a preferred time and location is commonplace among eCommerce giants. A common thread running through these strategies is the focus on user-centric design, engaging their consumers proactively, and keeping them at the centre of their decision-making.
While the healthcare technology industry has been lagging on this front, it is now taking steps in the right direction, designing proactive systems to diagnose diseases in early stages to optimize treatment outcomes, helping people stay fit, and deploy digital tools to encourage self-management of health and lifestyle behaviours to prevent disease and illness.
Composed by: “Bansi Mehta believes that UX for workforces should be tailored to meet the needs of employees, managers, and business owners. She has led the design of many healthcare products, applications, and tools with respect to user-centric design. She has pioneered the need for research-led design within organizations.”
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